Oral Health in Medicine Model Curriculum: Edentulism and Complete Denture Care
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Series of presentations to describe the edentulous patients and complete dentures, the oral structures of edentulous patients and the complete denture fabrication process is complied. Concept of using dental implants to provide retention for complete dentures is described, along with proper maintenance of complete dentures and oral hygiene instructions.
Edentulism is defined as the complete loss of all dentition, and it is a worldwide phenomenon. Edentulism ranges from 7% to 69% globally and 26% of US population between the ages of 65 years and 74 years are completely edentulous. Edentulism is associated with numerous consequences on overall health. According to World Health Organization criteria, edentulous patients are considered physically impaired due to the inability to eat and speak properly. Edentulous patients are associated with poor dietary habits and nutritional intake, osteoporosis, and increased risk of having hypertension and coronary artery disease. Literature have shown that edentulous patients are more likely to be smokers and have smoking-associated diseases such as asthma, emphysema, and cancer. Also, edentulism can affect the quality of life, where these patients tend to have unsatisfactory esthetics and lowered self-esteem. (Felton, DA. Edentulism and comorbid factors. J Prosthodont 2009;18:88-96)
With the projection of increase in the number of elderly population with the “baby boomer” generation and demand for teeth replacements, it is vital that medical professionals become competent in understanding the consequences of edentulism on overall health, evaluating the oral conditions of the edentulous patients and have basic knowledge and understanding of complete denture care.
Lee D, Felton D. Oral health in medicine model curriculum: edentulism and complete denture care. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2012;8:9272. http://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9272
Contains Information Suitable for Patient Education
- To apply foundational knowledge of oral health to perform basic assessment screening for edentulous patients.
- To understand the application of oral health screening and prevention guidelines in health assessment and exams for edentulous patients using complete dentures.
- To integrate knowledge of oral health impact on systemic health and disease into patient care, specifically the disease associated with edentulism.
- To optimize oral health and treatment outcomes through effective outreach and collaboration with dental professionals, specifically, proper maintenance and oral hygiene provided for edentulous patients using complete dentures.
- Hygiene, Dental Implants, Overdenture, Overlay Denture, Complete Dentures, Edentulism, Building Oral Health Capacity (BOHC) Collection
This information is made available under the Creative Commons license.
Authors & Co-Authors
Damian J. Lee, DDS, MS
University of Illinois College of Medicine
David A. Felton, DDS, MS
West Virginia University School of Dentistry
Sponsorship or Funding Source
This project is also sponsored in part by funding from the Health Resources and Services Administration/Maternal Child Health Bureau grant #U44MC20223.