Clinical Correlation Workshop Using a Team Approach to Learning: Adrenal Insufficiency
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This workshop uses aspects of team-based learning strategies to reinforce the basic science knowledge acquired in lectures and laboratory sessions related to the endocrine system and provides an opportunity for students to apply this knowledge to clinical patient care. Upon completion of this exercise, the student will have reviewed the following: (1) the basic structure and function of the adrenal gland, (2) the specific cell types in the adrenal gland and their function(s), (3) the regulation of synthesis and secretion of the hormones produced by the adrenal gland and (4) the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of adrenal insufficiency.
The faculty use the workshop to reinforce information covered in lectures and in the histology laboratory. Concepts in histology, physiology and biochemistry are woven into the workshop. Most importantly, the workshop forces students to think critically about the material and apply their basic science background to the clinical scenario. Students continue their education on professionalism and working together in teams.
In general, the students reported that this was a valuable and educational experience. Specific comments from the post exercise evaluations include: “Tests my knowledge, by trying to write it on the card and helped me to clarify what I knew and identify areas to study.” “Workshops are more helpful than lectures because I am forced to explain it to my peers and also gives me an idea of how much I understand the material.” “I think professor-presentation and discussion after the group discussion is very helpful. I liked how interactive this workshop was.”
The faculty also benefited from these exercises in a number of ways. First, working with faculty members across multiple disciplines helps to build collegial relationships. The exercise allows the basic science faculty to further focus lecture material on clinically relevant aspects of this disease state while allowing the clinician the opportunity to reviews basic science principles. In addition, this successful interdisciplinary workshop has led to other interdisciplinary teaching opportunities.
Data on effectiveness is presented in the manuscript.
Litvin J. Clinical correlation workshop using a team approach to learning: adrenal insufficiency. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2013;9:9350. http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9350
Contains time-sensitive information that will likely be inaccurate, obsolete, or irrelevant by June 08, 2015
Upon completion of this exercise, the student will have reviewed the following:
- The basic structure and function of the adrenal gland.
- The specific cell types in the adrenal gland and their function(s).
- The regulation of synthesis and secretion of the hormones produced by the adrenal gland.
- The pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of adrenal insufficiency.
- Adrenal Glands, Hormones, Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, Androgens, Pituitary Gland, Renin-Angiotensin, ACTH, Medulla, Cortex, TBL, Team-Based Learning
This information is made available under the Creative Commons license.
- Adrenal Glands. In. Goodman HM. Basic Medical Endocrinology. 4th ed. Elsevier. 2009:61-90.
- Endocrine Organs. In Ross MH, Wojciech P. Histology, A Text and Atlas. 6th ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 2011:740-83.
- Team-Based Learning for Health Professions Education. A Guide to Using Small Groups for Improving Learning. Edited by Larry K. Michaelsen, Dean X. Parmelee, Kathryn K. McMahon, Ruth E. Levine. Foreword by Diane M. Billings. Stylus Publishing.
- Salvatori R. Adrenal Insufficiency. JAMA. 2005;2481-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.294.19.2481
- Torrey SP. Recognition and Management of Adrenal Emergencies. Emerg Med Clin N Am. 2005;23:687-702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2005.03.003
Authors & Co-Authors
Judith Litvin, PhD
Temple University School of Medicine