Medical Heuristics and Cognitive Decision Errors: Modeling Thought Processes Through an Integrative Curriculum
|Exam (Clinical Performance), Exam (Oral), Multimedia, Case||9375||1||March 20, 2013|
Emergency medicine (EM) residents are forced to make patient care decisions based upon incomplete probabilistic information and prior experience. Heuristics are a useful cognitive tool via which limited information is processed and cognitive solutions are rapidly identified. However, the inappropriate unconscious dependence on these cognitive shortcuts often leads to decision errors due to the inability to recognize the biasing influence of mental processing. The goal of this educational project is the implementation of multi-layered curriculum via which EM residents will learn the basics of heuristic decision-making as well as the associated cognitive errors. The target audience is EM residents of all levels. Necessary equipment includes PowerPoint capabilities and a simulation laboratory.
Paolo W. Medical Heuristics and Cognitive Decision Errors: Modeling Thought Processes Through an Integrative Curriculum . MedEdPORTAL; 2013. Available from: www.mededportal.org/publication/9375
The purpose of this curriculum is the education of emergency medicine residents in both the basics of cognitive learning theory and decision errors. By the end of the curriculum the learner will be able to identify common cognitive errors as well as demonstrate an understanding of the basics of cognitive decision theory.
- Heuristics, Cognition (MeSH), Emergency Medicine (MeSH), Residents
- Emergency Medicine
- General Practice Residency
- Patient Care
- Practice-based Learning & Improvement
- Systems-based Practice
- Clinical Sciences
- Clinical Skills/Doctoring
- Cognition, Human Learning & Problem Solving
- Cardiovascular system
- Respiratory system
- Professional School Post-Graduate Training
- Clinical Reasoning
- Critical Thinking
Authors & Co-Authors
William F. Paolo, MD
State University of New York Upstate Medical University
Effectiveness and Significance
The curriculum has been met with success and has been well received.
Special Implementation Guidelines or Requirements
A simulation laboratory is required for full implementation of the curriculum.
No specific lessons learned.
This information is made available under the Creative Commons license.