Original Publication
Open Access

A Model for a Structured Clinical Development Program for First-Year Residents: Utilizing the Entrance OSCE, Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs), and Peer Clinical Coaching

Published: May 11, 2015 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10084

Included in this publication:

  • Clinical Coaching Workshop Format.docx
  • Coaching Session Progress Form.docx
  • Entrance OSCE Faculty Evaluation.docx
  • Entrance OSCE Self.docx
  • Exit Questionnaire for Interns.docx
  • Exit Questionnaire for Peer Coaches.docx
  • Individualized Learning Plan (ILP) Worksheet Template.docx
  • Individualized Learning Plan Handout.docx
  • Instructor's Guide.docx
  • Peer Coaching Project for Peer Coaches PowerPoint.pptx
  • Resident Entrance Assessment Bad News.doc
  • Resident Entrance Assessment Pelvic Exam.doc
  • Resident Entrance Assessment SOB.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


Identification of incoming residents’ unique strengths and weaknesses in a clinical setting is important for developing an individualized educational curriculum and ultimately addressing specific needs. This resource presents and describes materials for a clinical development program for first year residents. The program is structured around three educational elements: an entrance Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), Individualized Learning Plan (ILP), and peer clinical coaching. The included files, which describe these three elements, are intended to serve as a resource for residency directors and/or graduate medical education faculty interested in constructing a similar program.

In the described clinical development program, first-year Obstetrics and Gynecology residents participated in an entrance OSCE as a component of their orientation to residency. Their performance was evaluated through Faculty and Self-assessment tools and scored on a nine-point scale in accordance with the ACGME core competency scoring evaluation system. These evaluations were utilized in the creation of ILPs. Stated goals were translated into discrete learning objectives and then developed further through a learning strategy and timeline using the SMART model. As a component of a research study, first-year residents were randomized into one of two groups: clinical coaching group or individual implementation group. Senior resident volunteers served as peer clinical coaches after participating in a two-hour interactive workshop. The peer clinical coaches met with first-year residents on a monthly basis for four months to develop the resident’s ILP. Exit questionnaires were completed at the conclusion of the year-long program.

The OSCE is a well-utilized tool to ensure direct observation, evaluate clinical performance in a simulated environment, and provide timely feedback. Another potential application of the OSCE is to provide a baseline evaluation of clinical performance that may be utilized in determining a starting point for clinical competencies. Utilizing the feedback from the OSCE to create an ILP may translate valuable feedback into measurable objectives and competencies, while also providing a model for reassessment and follow up. While the OSCE and the faculty mentored ILP have been well characterized in the literature, the concept of clinical coaching is relatively novel to medicine. Teaching and coaching differ in that teachers disseminate knowledge whereas coaches ensure performance. Seeking to elaborate on this relatively novel paradigm, we sought to characterize how resident’s global clinical experience was affected within this working model. Despite time constraints, both first-year residents and peer clinical coaches reported that clinical coaching improved their clinical experience. A structured clinical program incorporating an entrance OSCE, ILP, and peer clinical coaching holds promise in documentation of milestones and promoting life-long learning.

Educational Objectives

After review of this resource, the reader will be able to:

  1. Create an OSCE to assess baseline intern clinical performance.
  2. Create assessment tools for the OSCE to be utilized by faculty for evaluation and residents for self-assessment.
  3. Develop a faculty/resident mentoring program that utilizes the OSCE evaluations to create an ILP with specific achievable objectives/competencies.
  4. Develop a curriculum to train senior residents to be peer clinical coaches.
  5. Implement a resident peer coaching strategy to improve resident clinical experience and/or performance.
  6. Evaluate the peer-coaching program with coach and resident surveys.

Author Information

  • Jill Krapf, MD: George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Sameer Aggarwal: George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Benjamin Blatt: George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Larrie Greenberg: George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

None to report.

None to report.


Krapf J, Aggarwal S, Blatt B, Greenberg L. A model for a structured clinical development program for first-year residents: utilizing the entrance OSCE, individualized learning plans (ILPS), and peer clinical coaching. MedEdPORTAL. 2015;11:10084. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10084