Original Publication
Open Access

Angiographic Anatomy of the Head and Neck

Published: September 2, 2015 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10182

Included in this publication:

  • Angiography Instructor's Guide.docx
  • Angiography Interactive Module folder

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

Introduction: This tutorial serves as an introduction to normal vascular anatomy of the head and neck for preclinical students enrolled in medical and dental human structure courses. The courseware stimulates self-directed learning by integrating introductory angiographic anatomy into a structured format that is readily accessible for local and distance learning. Methods: The module is composed of high-quality digital subtraction angiography and surface-rendered CT angiographic images with a resolution exceeding more conventional resources used for comprehensive labeling of blood vessels. Active learning is achieved by providing learners with opportunities for repetition and self-assessment through immediate feedback using supplemental anatomical information and quizzes for labeled terms. Results: At West Virginia University, this whole tutorial project is presented as a supplement during the anatomy/radiology lecture “Blood Supply of the Head and Neck” to both medical and dental students.  The student evaluations have been very positive, with the average score of all questions asked being about 4.5 out of a possible 5 points on the Likert scale. During the past 7 years, learners scored between the 63rd and 77th percentiles on the gross anatomy subject examination. These scores are significantly higher than those recorded prior to implementation of instructional technology into the curriculum beginning in 2001. Discussion: The tutorial is best used in conjunction with radiology/anatomy lectures and labs to reinforce the didactic and practical (dissection) experiences. Convenient access also can be provided to learners preparing for clinical certification and licensure examinations and to patients conferring with practitioners about their own vascular disorders. The details in the tutorial may be too in-depth for dental students, as they may not need to know all the identified structures for clinical purposes.


Educational Objectives

By the end of this tutorial, learners will be able to:

  1. Identify normal vascular structures of the head and neck.
  2. Describe anatomic relationships of vascular structures of the head and neck.
  3. Assess their own mastery of the vascular anatomy of the head and neck through repetition, immediate feedback, and quizzes.

Author Information

  • Penprapa S. Klinkhachorn, PhD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Jason Battin: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • John Lucas: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Maen Allaga: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Mark Radow: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Jeffery Hogg, MD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Robert Tallaksen, MD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Jeffrey Altemus: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Powsiri Klinkhachorn, PhD: West Virginia University College of Engineering and Mineral Resources

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.


References

  1. Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. 13th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013.
  2. Haines DE. Neuroanatomy: An Atlas of Structures, Sections, and Systems. 8th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
  3. Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Essential Clinical Anatomy. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.
  4. Moore KL, Dalley AF, Agur AMR. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014.
  5. Netter F. Atlas of Human Anatomy. 5th ed. Philadlphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011.
  6. Uflacker R. Atlas of Vascular Anatomy: An Angiographic Approach. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1997.


Citation

Klinkhachorn P, Battin J, Lucas J, et al. Angiographic anatomy of the head and neck. MedEdPORTAL. 2015;11:10182. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10182