Opioid Risk Mitigation Strategies and Overdose Resuscitation

Publication ID Published Volume
10621 August 16, 2017 13

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Introduction: In the context of an opioid public health crisis, U.S. medical schools have been called upon to strengthen curricula on the appropriate use of opioids, with an emphasis on maximizing benefits while utilizing risk-mitigation strategies to prevent addiction and overdose. Methods: This self-contained module provides an overview of the opioid crisis and presents recent clinical guidelines on opioid risk mitigation, as well as information regarding prevention and treatment of opioid overdose. This module then gives learners the opportunity to practice these skills by solving an evolving case of back pain. Results: Verbal and written feedback on the module from students revealed that the majority strongly agreed that, overall, the module was valuable as an educational tool. Discussion: This module was created to help medical educators update the training of students in risk mitigation strategies and the steps of opioid overdose resuscitation. The feedback to date from students and faculty has been positive and supports its use in undergraduate medical education.


Klapheke M, Pasarica M. Opioid risk mitigation strategies and overdose resuscitation. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2017;13:10621. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10621

Educational Objectives

By the end of this session, learners will be able to:

  1. Identify recent trends in the use of opioids and deaths from overdose.
  2. Describe recently published clinical guidelines on the use of opioids, including risk reduction (i.e., mitigation strategies) and steps of opioid overdose resuscitation, as specified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Heart Association, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
  3. Apply the knowledge gained to an evolving case involving opioid prescription.


  • Opioids, Risk Mitigation, Overdose Resuscitation


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  7. Simmons R, Siegel J. Introduction to HIV and addiction medicine for residents: integrated case-based learning. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2016;12:10375. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10375
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  9. Yelen M, Anderson L, Wright K, Fleming M. Using SPs to teach about patients at risk for drug abuse. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2014;10:9907. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9907
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ISSN 2374-8265