Original Publication
Open Access

Ectopic Pregnancy: A Case For High-Fidelity Simulation In Emergency Medicine

Published: January 15, 2009 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.1673

Included in this publication:

  • Ectopic Pregnancy.pdf

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Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

This educational resource provides the information and materials for a high-fidelity simulation case suitable for medical students and resident physicians in emergency medicine. The case involves a young woman who presents with syncope and abdominal pain. A pregnancy test in the emergency department is positive, which is a concerning finding for this patient, who has had a tubal ligation. She is hypotensive and tachycardic, with a bedside ultrasound significant for intra-abdominal free fluid and a possible left-sided ectopic pregnancy. Appropriate treatment includes fluid resuscitation, obstetrical consultation, blood transfusion if necessary, and disposition to the operating room for a presumed ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Debriefing materials are provided to illustrate and stimulate discussion of the important concepts for diagnosing and treating patients with ectopic pregnancy. The case is currently in use at our institution for upper-level emergency medicine residents completing required educational time in our Emergency Department Simulation Program. The case has been used for the past 3 years in our program and has recently been edited and expanded to its existing form. This scenario has been presented for small groups of three to four participants and has been field-tested approximately six times in the last 3 years. All participants have been PGY1, PGY2, and PGY3 emergency medicine residents.


Educational Objectives

By the end of this simulation, learners will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an appropriate initial approach to a patient with hypotension and tachycardia.
  2. Identify features concerning for a possible ectopic pregnancy.
  3. Demonstrate appropriate management of ruptured ectopic pregnancy.
  4. List the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy.
  5. Understand benefits and limitations of ultrasound in the diagnosis of an ectopic pregnancy.
  6. Describe nonsurgical management options for ectopic pregnancy.

Author Information

  • Michael Fitch, MD, PhD: Wake Forest School of Medicine of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center
  • Christen Fisher, MD: Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.



Citation

Fitch M, Fisher C. Ectopic pregnancy: a case for high-fidelity simulation in emergency medicine. MedEdPORTAL. 2009;5:1673. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.1673