Intraoral Blocks for Facial Anesthesia: A Multimedia Instructional Tool

Publication ID Published Volume
1780 January 21, 2010 6

Abstract

This is an interactive module created for medical students and residents in emergency medicine, dermatology, and plastic/cosmetic surgery. In the module, the learner may choose one of three intraoral nerve blocks, the infraorbital, mental, or buccal. Each of the three has its own page on which the learner may view a narrated video of the nerve block being given on a patient and on a skull. These videos walk the learner through the proper technique for the injection. In addition, the distribution of the nerve anesthetized is described and the user may scroll over an illustration of the face to light up the area of the face anesthetized by that particular nerve block. This project was designed to provide medical students and residents with learning options regarding the anesthetization of their patients’ faces. Intraoral nerve blocks are easy to administer, relatively painless, and are of long duration because the anesthetic solution is deposited very near the nerve exit point from the skull. This may provide more comfortable anesthesia for patients and enhance patient cooperation leading to better clinical outcomes. The aim of this project is to enhance patient care. It provides an easy-to-use educational tool that delivers the basics of administering intraoral blocks to obtain facial anesthesia.

Citation

Stein P, Challman S, Harrison E, King M, Dolan T, Laird K. Intraoral blocks for facial anesthesia: a multimedia instructional tool. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2010;6:1780. http://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.1780

Contains time-sensitive information that will likely be inaccurate, obsolete, or irrelevant by February 23, 2012

Educational Objectives

By the end of the module, the learner will be able to:

  1. Understand the nerve distribution patterns of the mental, infraorbital, and buccal nerves relevant to utilizing intraoral blocks of these nerves for successful and profound facial anesthesia.
  2. Describe the facial areas anesthetized by the mental, infraorbital, and buccal nerve blocks.
  3. Demonstrate techniques and provide detailed instructions for the mental, infraorbital, and buccal nerve blocks.

Keywords

  • Facial, Intraoral, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures, Anesthesia, Nerve Block, Buccal Nerve, Infraorbital Nerve, Mental Nerve

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ISSN 2374-8265