360-Degree Professionalism Assessment Instrument

Publication ID Published Version
236 July 6, 2006 1


This instrument is designed to provide an assessment of medical students and residents strengths and weaknesses in the following areas of professionalism:

  1. Honor and Integrity
  2. Responsibility and Accountability
  3. Leadership
  4. Altruism
  5. Caring, Compassion, and Communication
  6. Excellence and scholarship
  7. Respect

A 6 point Likert-type scale (0 - 5) is used in each of the seven professionalism domains to determine if a person's behavior is "unacceptable," "needs improvement," "meets expectations," or "superior." A "cannot assess" response category is also included.


Crow S. 360-Degree Professionalism Assessment Instrument. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2006. Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/​publication/​236 http://dx.doi.org/​10.15766/​mep_2374-8265.236

Educational Objectives

  1. To be able to identify learners whose professionalism behaviors meet or exceed expectations.
  2. To be able to identify learners whose professionalism behaviors are unacceptable or need improvement.
  3. To be able to provide learners with the opportunity for continual professionalism assessment and formative feedback across medical school through the use of multiple observations and multiple observers.
  4. To be able to provide a common vocabulary for communicating about professionalism.


  • Multi-Rater, Educational Measurement (MeSH), Honor, Integrity, Responsibility, Leadership, Altruism, Compassion, Scholarship, Respect


  • Dental
    • Basic Sciences Assessment


  • Practice-based Learning & Improvement
  • Professionalism

Professional Interest

  • Assessment
  • Communication Skills
  • Medical Ethics
  • Professionalism

Instructional Methods

  • Assessment

Academic Focus

  • Basic Sciences
  • Clinical Sciences

Intended Audience

  • Professional & Faculty Development
  • Professional School
    • Medical Student
  • Professional School Post-Graduate Training
    • Fellow
    • Resident


  • Evaluation Tool

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ISSN 2374-8265