360-Degree Professionalism Assessment Instrument

Publication ID Published Volume
236 July 6, 2006 2


This instrument is designed to provide an assessment of medical students and residents strengths and weaknesses in the following areas of professionalism:

  1. Honor and Integrity
  2. Responsibility and Accountability
  3. Leadership
  4. Altruism
  5. Caring, Compassion, and Communication
  6. Excellence and scholarship
  7. Respect

A 6 point Likert-type scale (0 - 5) is used in each of the seven professionalism domains to determine if a person's behavior is "unacceptable," "needs improvement," "meets expectations," or "superior." A "cannot assess" response category is also included. In a Spring 2005 pilot study, a total of 850 assessment forms were collected on 149 freshman and 40 senior medical students at the University of Oklahoma College of Medicine. Twenty-four freshman students received a score 1 or 2 in at least one professionalism domain. Only one senior student received a score of 2 or less. Seven students identified themselves as needing improvement in one or more categories. The remaining 18 students were identified by peers, faculty, or a combination thereof, as needing improvement. Other data analyses are currently ongoing. This instrument was originally designed as a scantron form, but is currently used online at SurveyMonkey.com. The instrument will need to be modified to best serve the purposes of the school using it.


Crow S. 360-degree professionalism assessment instrument. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2006;2:236. http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.236

Educational Objectives

  1. To be able to identify learners whose professionalism behaviors meet or exceed expectations.
  2. To be able to identify learners whose professionalism behaviors are unacceptable or need improvement.
  3. To be able to provide learners with the opportunity for continual professionalism assessment and formative feedback across medical school through the use of multiple observations and multiple observers.
  4. To be able to provide a common vocabulary for communicating about professionalism.


  • Multi-Rater, Educational Measurement, Honor, Integrity, Responsibility, Leadership, Altruism, Compassion, Scholarship, Respect

Prior Scholarly Dissemination


This pilot project and the professionalism assessment form were presented at the November 2005 AAMC meeting as an innovation in medical education.

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ISSN 2374-8265