A Small-Group Reflection Exercise for Increasing the Awareness of Cultural Stereotypes: A Facilitator's Guide
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The following Small Group Reflection Exercise is designed to increase a participant's awareness of unconscious stereotypes he/she might have about different cultural groups. Through self and group reflection, participants additionally become aware of the potential influence of unconscious stereotypes on healthcare delivery.
DeGannes C, Woodson Coke K, Bender Henderson T, Sanders-Phillips K. A Small-Group Reflection Exercise for Increasing the Awareness of Cultural Stereotypes: A Facilitator's Guide . MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2009. Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/publication/668 http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.668
- By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of unconscious cultural stereotypes.
- By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of the potential impact of unconscious stereotypes on patient care.
- By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of the influence of unconscious stereotypes on medical decision-making.
- Stereotypes, Cultural Groups, Self-Reflection, Stereotyped Behavior, Racism, Health Equity Research, WeTeach, Humanistic Environment
- Internal Medicine
Practice cultural competence
- Practice cultural competence
Cultural Diversity/Cultural Competency
Health Equity Research
- Learning Environment
- Clinical Skills/Doctoring
Professional & Faculty Development
Public Health Student
- Dental Student
Professional School Post-Graduate Training
Authors & Co-Authors
Christopher DeGannes, MD, FACP
Howard University College of Medicine
Kamilah Woodson Coke, PhD
Howard University School of Education
Kathy Sanders-Phillips, PhD
Howard University College of Medicine
Tanya Bender Henderson, PhD
Howard University School of Business
Effectiveness and Significance
The purpose of the Small Group Reflection Exercise is to increase the awareness of unconscious stereotypes, and the negative impact of such stereotypes on the quality of healthcare provided. This exercise was used with 114 second year medical students in groups of 10-15 participants with one facilitator. After completing the exercise, 49% of students agreed and 44.7% strongly agreed (93.7% combined) that they were more aware of the influence of unconscious stereotypes and assumptions on providing effective patient care. Additionally, after completing this exercise 41.7% agreed and 49% strongly agreed (90.7% combined) that they were more aware of their own personal stereotypes and assumptions regarding groups different from themselves. This exercise is an effective first step in any cultural competence curriculum to improve participants' awareness of unconscious stereotypes they might have about different cultural groups.
- The impact of the session is increased if posters with group headings are posted before students enter the room to begin the session.
- Participants should write the group name in the lower right-hand corner of each post-it note for placement of each written stereotype on the correct poster.
This information is made available under the Creative Commons license.
Publications, Presentations, and/or Citations for this Publication
DeGannes CN, Woodson-Coke K, Henderson TB, Sanders-Phillips K. Development of a Cultural Competence Small Group Reflection Exercise to Increase the Awareness of Unconscious Assumptions and Stereotypes Amongst Healthcare Providers. 30th Annual Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Meeting, Innovations in Medical Education. Toronto, ON, Canada, 2007. Accepted for poster presentation.