A Small-Group Reflection Exercise for Increasing the Awareness of Cultural Stereotypes: A Facilitator's Guide

Publication ID Published Version
668 February 25, 2009 5

Description

The following Small Group Reflection Exercise is designed to increase a participant's awareness of unconscious stereotypes he/she might have about different cultural groups. Through self and group reflection, participants additionally become aware of the potential influence of unconscious stereotypes on healthcare delivery. The purpose of the Small Group Reflection Exercise is to increase the awareness of unconscious stereotypes, and the negative impact of such stereotypes on the quality of healthcare provided. This exercise was used with 114 second year medical students in groups of 10-15 participants with one facilitator. After completing the exercise, 49% of students agreed and 44.7% strongly agreed (93.7% combined) that they were more aware of the influence of unconscious stereotypes and assumptions on providing effective patient care. Additionally, after completing this exercise 41.7% agreed and 49% strongly agreed (90.7% combined) that they were more aware of their own personal stereotypes and assumptions regarding groups different from themselves. This exercise is an effective first step in any cultural competence curriculum to improve participants' awareness of unconscious stereotypes they might have about different cultural groups.

Citation

DeGannes C, Woodson Coke K, Bender Henderson T, Sanders-Phillips K. A Small-Group Reflection Exercise for Increasing the Awareness of Cultural Stereotypes: A Facilitator's Guide . MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2009. Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/publication/668   http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.668

Educational Objectives

  1. By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of unconscious cultural stereotypes.
  2. By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of the potential impact of unconscious stereotypes on patient care.
  3. By the end of the reflection exercise, each participant will agree that he/she is more aware of the influence of unconscious stereotypes on medical decision-making.

Keywords

  • Stereotypes, Cultural Groups, Self-Reflection, Stereotyped Behavior, Racism, Health Equity Research, Humanistic Environment

Specialties

  • Medical
    • Internal Medicine
  • Dental

Competencies

  • Patient Care
  • Professionalism
    • Practice cultural competence

Professional Interest

  • Cultural Diversity/Cultural Competency
  • Health Equity Research
  • Medical Ethics
  • Professionalism
  • Teaching Skills
  • weTeach

Instructional Methods

  • Assessment
    • Learning Environment

Academic Focus

  • Clinical Sciences
    • Clinical Skills/Doctoring

Intended Audience

  • Professional & Faculty Development
  • Professional School
    • Dental Student
    • Medical Student
    • Nursing Student
    • Pharmacy Student
    • Public Health Student
  • Professional School Post-Graduate Training
    • Fellow
    • Resident

Format

  • Presentation

Join the Conversation

Share your thoughts with other users. Please sign in to comment on this material.

Material Access

Please sign in to access this material.

Please register for an AAMC account if you do not have one.

Register

  • MedEdPORTAL Home
  • Register
  • My MedEdPORTAL
  • Contact Us

Subscribe to Our Monthly Newsletter

Receive featured content & announcements!

ISSN 2374-8265