Neurologic Localizations

Format Publication ID Version Published
Case 7704 1 January 22, 2010
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Description

This module uses two clinical scenarios (brainstem infarct; multiple extra-dural abscesses) to help students learn how to apply basic neuroscience content knowledge to lesion localization. The Readiness Assurance Tests offer a measure of how well students have mastered fundamental content knowledge, such as the structure and function of neural pathways and cranial nerves. The Group Application Exercise requires students to apply this knowledge to solve clinical problems in neurology, namely, lesion localizations. In addition to using traditional multiple choice questions (MCQs), this module introduces a student-initiated MCQ exercise in which written answers submitted by the teams are used to formulate the multiple choice answers from which teams select a final answer to the original question.
In this exercise, teams are required to submit written answers that the faculty sorts into 5 choice-groups (based on similarity of content). The 5 choice-groups are posted for all teams to read and discuss. Each team then selects the one group of written responses they feel best answers the original question. Voting and intra-team discussion follow as usual.

Citation

Pearson J, Rich M, Parmelee D. Neurologic Localizations. MedEdPORTAL; 2010. Available from: www.mededportal.org/publication/7704

Educational Objectives

  1. To be able to associate neural pathway dysfunction with physical signs detected upon clinical examination of the nervous system.
  2. To be able to apply knowledge of neural pathway anatomy and neurologic physical signs to localize lesions of the nervous system.

Keywords

  • Contralateral Neglect, Dysconjugate Eye Movement, Ophthalmoplegia, Abnormal Reflex (MeSH), Babinski Reflex (MeSH), Central Nervous System (MeSH), Lesion Localization, Brainstem Infarct, Multiple Extra-Dural Abscesses, TBL, Team-based Learning

Specialty

  • Medical
    • Neurology

Competencies Addressed

  • Medical
    • Medical Knowledge
    • Patient Care

Academic Focus

  • Basic Sciences
    • Neuroscience
  • Clinical Sciences
    • Clinical Skills/Doctoring

Organ Systems

  • Nervous system

Intended Audience

  • Professional School
    • Medical Student
  • Professional School Post-Graduate Training
    • Resident

Instructional Methods

  • Team-based Learning

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