Intra- and Extracranial Hemorrhagic and Occlusive Vascular Diseases

Publication ID Published Volume
7859 April 12, 2011 7


This module features web-based animations that were developed in Adobe Flash to simulate the anatomy of the scalp and cranial cavity and some of the common types of intra- and extracranial hemorrhagic and occlusive vascular diseases. They were designed to provide self-directed learning in a structured format that is readily accessible for local and distance learning and computer testing. They serve as an introduction for preclinical students enrolled in medical and dental human structure courses. The simulations are user friendly and achieve a dimension that cannot be attained by using conventional textbooks. They complement didactic and practical (dissection) activities of beginner health care professionals enrolled in human structure courses. Since implementation of the courseware in 2001, 8% more students score correct answers on written exam questions. Learner surveys rate the virtual patient simulations the highest among the resources provided for the human structure courses.


Reilly F, Allen E. Intra- and extracranial hemorrhagic and occlusive vascular diseases. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2011;7:7859.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this module, the learner will be able to:

  1. Understand the anatomy of the scalp and cranial cavity.
  2. Understand the more common intra- and extracranial hemorrhagic and occlusive vascular diseases.
  3. Explain the most likely etiology for each animated pathology.
  4. Stimulate self-directed local and distance learning.


  • Differential Diagnosis, Hemorrhage and Occlusive Disease, Computer-Aided Instruction

Prior Scholarly Dissemination

  • Reilly, F., E. Allen, J. Altemus, A. Reed, L. Gaskins, S. Saunders, and J. Aukerman. Interactive peripheral nervous system WebCT site. FASEB J., 17(4): A387(279.4) 2003.
  • Reilly, F., and E. Allen. Interactive peripheral nervous system courseware evaluation. FASEB J., 20(4): A434(296.8), 2006.
  • Allen, E., R. Walls, and F. Reilly. Effects of Web-based interactive instructional techniques in a peripheral nervous system component for human anatomy. Med. Teacher, 30(1): 40-47, 2008.
  • Reilly, F., E. Allen, and R. Walls. Interactive computer-based exercises enhance preclinical medical education. FASEB J., 23:463.6, 2009.

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ISSN 2374-8265