Original Publication
Open Access

Cervical Cancer Prevention and Screening

Published: April 12, 2011 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.8174

Included in this publication:

  • Instructor's Guide.docx
  • LAMS Instructions.doc
  • LAMS Folder

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

Introduction: The complexity of the human papilloma virus (HPV)-host interaction, along with dense cervical cancer screening guidelines, hamper students' easy learning of the subject. This online learning module intends to provide a comprehensive overview of HPV infection to help students better understand the rationale behind the screening protocol. The content of this module summarizes key concepts such as viral structure and replication, human immune-defense, immunization strategy, pathogenesis of cervical pre-cancer and cancer, and finally, prevention and management strategy of HPV infection in gynecologic patients. The target audience will be primarily third-year medical students rotating through their OB-GYN clerkship. Methods: The module takes advantage of the audio-visual effects to maximize student learning. It is organized in sessions of subtopics with core text, embedded images, illustrations, and recorded voice-over script. In addition, there is a video at the end of the module which simulates a patient encounter in a doctor's office to discuss cervical cancer screening and management. Pre- and posttest questions help the viewer keep track of their progress upon completion. Results: Since making the online module active in November 2009, we have collected 19 evaluations from third-year OB-GYN clerkship medical students who have completed the module. The evaluation measures the module's effectiveness to the participant's learning. Of the 19 evaluations, 61% said the module matched very well or well to their learning needs, 24% said that it matched satisfactorily to their needs, and 15% said that the module didn't match at all to their learning needs. Of the 19 evaluations, 78% said the module was extremely clear, 10% said it was not at all clear, 42% said the module was an extremely effective way to teach the subject, and 10% said it was not at all an effective way. Discussion: Based on the comments, this probably is a reflection of well-taught concepts on viral structure and immunology during the first and second year of the students' curriculum. However, it was not our intention to present an in-depth review of immunology but rather to present a brief introduction to help students better understand the clinical implication of HPV infection.


Educational Objectives

By the end of the module, the learner will be able to:

  1. Describe the immunological basis of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the implication of the persistent infection on the pathogenesis of cervical cancer and pre-cancer.
  2. Identify the basic concepts of viral immunization and the impact of the newly developed HPV vaccine as an effective strategy for the prevention of cervical cancer.
  3. Explain the clinical rationale behind the cervical cytology screening.
  4. Understand and be able to discuss with the patient the initial management of the abnormal pap smear.

Author Information

  • Ming Tsai: New York University School of Medicine
  • Caroline Pessel, MD: NYU School of Medicine
  • Molly Cason, MD: NYU School of Medicine
  • Erin Fitzgerald, MD: NYU School of Medicine
  • Amisha Shah, MD: NYU School of Medicine
  • So-Young Oh: NYU School of Medicine
  • Sabrina Lee: NYU School of Medicine
  • Violetta Kraja: NYU School of Medicine
  • Dorice Vieira, MPH: NYU School of Medicine
  • Julio Garcia: NYU School of Medicine
  • Elizabeth Maxwell: NYU School of Medicine
  • Scarlett Phan: Smith College

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.



Citation

Tsai M, Pessel C, Cason M, et al. Cervical cancer prevention and screening. MedEdPORTAL. 2011;7:8174. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.8174