Original Publication
Open Access

Angiographic Anatomy of Thoracic Organs

Published: February 17, 2011 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.8373

Included in this publication:

  • Thoracic Angiography User Guide.doc
  • Angiographic Anatomy of thoracic organs

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

Introduction: This interactive tutorial serves as an introduction to normal vascular anatomy of thoracic organs for preclinical medical students. It is composed of high-quality digital subtraction angiography and surface-rendered CTs containing comprehensive labeling of blood vessels. Image resolution exceeds that found in many more conventional learning resources such as textbooks, dissectors, and atlases. Images were digitized and converted into Macromedia Flash to stimulate self-directed learning by integrating introductory angiography into a structured format that is readily accessible for local and distance learning. Methods: Active learning was achieved by providing learners with opportunities for repetition and self-assessment through immediate feedback and quizzes on labeled structures. The tutorial is best used in conjunction with radiology/anatomy lectures and labs to reinforce the didactic and practical (dissection) experiences for learners enrolled in human anatomy courses. Results: In 2007 to 2009, learners scored between 63rd to 77th percentiles on the gross anatomy subject examination. These scores are significantly higher than those recorded prior to implementation of instructional technology into the curriculum in beginning in 2001. Discussion: The major limitation is that the courseware deals only with normal vascular anatomy. This is appropriate for pre-professional learners. However, to take the tutorial to the next level for residents and showcasing imaging techniques will require inclusion of pathological specimens of vascular aberrations and anomalies.


Educational Objectives

By the end of the module, the learner will be able to:

  1. Understand the normal patterns of vascular anatomy of thoracic organs.
  2. Create opportunities for learner self-assessment through repetition, immediate feedback, and quizzes.

Author Information

  • Penprapa Klinkhachorn, PhD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Frank Reilly, PhD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Robert Tallaksen, MD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Patricia Stoltzfus, MD: West Virginia University School of Medicine
  • Daniel Sloan: West Virginia University College of Engineering & Mineral Resources
  • Powsiri Klinkhachorn, PhD: West Virginia University College of Engineering & Mineral Resources

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.


References

  1. Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 6th edition, 2010, by Moore, et al, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers
  2. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, 12th edition, 2009, by Agur and Dalley, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers
  3. Atlas of Anatomy, 4th edition, 2006, by Frank Netter, Saunders and Elsevier Publishing
  4. Atlas of vascular Anatomy: An Angiographic Approach, 1997, by Renan Uflacker, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers
  5. Essential Clinical Anatomy, 3rd edition, 2007, by Moore and Agur, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers


Citation

Klinkhachorn P, Reilly F, Tallaksen R, Stoltzfus P, Sloan D, Klinkhachorn P. Angiographic anatomy of thoracic organs. MedEdPORTAL. 2011;7:8373. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.8373