Original Publication
Open Access

Internal Medicine Clerkship Team-Based Learning Series: Acid-Base Module

Published: May 24, 2012 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9177

Included in this publication:

  • Acid Base TBL.doc
  • TBL Instructor's Guide.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


This team-based learning (TBL) module on acid-base disorders focuses on the evaluation of acid-base status, the pathophysiology of disease that leads to common acid-base disorders, and the initial evaluation and treatment of patients with common acid-base derangements. The resource includes an instructor’s guide, learning objectives, individual and group Readiness Assurance Tests (with correct answers bolded and answer explanations provided), and group application exercises (again with correct answers bolded and answer explanations provided). The instructor’s guide gives a detailed overview of how to go about implementing the module and where to find more information about TBL if the instructor is using this method for the first time. This module was originally designed to be utilized in the context of the third-year medical student clerkship in internal medicine and was written at that level of complexity. The module is designed to take approximately 90 minutes to complete.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this team-based learning module, learners will be able to:

  1. Create a differential diagnosis (>1 possible etiology) of acid-base disorders from common illness scripts representative of patients typically encountered on internal medicine services.
  2. Utilize a differential diagnosis to determine the initial testing for patients presenting with acid-base disorders, taking into context whether an acid-base disorder is acute or chronic in nature.
  3. Determine the initial therapeutic steps needed to treat common causes of acid-based disorders.
  4. Associate acid-base disorders and the physiologic processes of compensation.

Author Information

  • Steven Bishop, MD: Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
  • Jeffrey Kushinka, MD: Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Stephanie Call, MD, MSPH: Virginia Commonwealth University

None to report.

None to report.


Bishop S, Kushinka J, Call S. Internal medicine clerkship team-based learning series: acid-base module. MedEdPORTAL. 2012;8:9177. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9177