Original Publication
Open Access

Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Medical Patients for Third Year Medical Students

Published: August 22, 2012 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9219

Included in this publication:

  • VTE Application exercise.doc
  • VTE Instructor guide.doc
  • VTE RAT Document.doc
  • VTE Student Presession.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

This Team-based Learning (TBL) module is one of 7 bimonthly TBL modules used in the clinical pharmacology course that is offered to third year medical students. The main objective of the course is to apply rational prescribing within several clinical case scenarios. Upon completion of this module, students will be able to effectively work together to select hospitalized medical patients who need VTE prophylaxis and discuss the choice of the appropriate prophylaxis regimen.

This is one of 7 bimonthly TBL modules used in the clinical pharmacology course that is offered to third year medical students at the American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine. The main objective of the course is to apply rational prescribing within several clinical case scenarios. The clinical pharmacology course was initiated in 2008 when it was first offered to fourth year medical students, and then it was gradually moved to third year medical students. The reading material typically includes an article from the Medical Letter journal and a summary of the treatment guidelines from the relevant associations or expert groups. The 7 TBL modules are: treatment of hypertension, treatment of diabetes mellitus type II, treatment of dyslipidemia, treatment of chronic obstructive disease, prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in medical patients, pain management, and treatment of community acquired pneumonia.
The VTE module has been introduced at a time when the institution has become actively involved in developing strategies to enhance VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized medical patients. Endeavors included the introduction of risk assessment models such as the Padua score, and educational activities such as this TBL module for medical students. This module has so far been used for more than 6 times. There is typically a very high level of interaction during the session and it is our impression that students are satisfied with it.

Educational Objectives

  1. Work effectively in small groups to solve a clinical therapeutic case scenario.
  2. Realize the scope of the VTE problem in hospitalized medical patients.
  3. Recognize the importance of risk assessment models (RAMs) in VTE prophylaxis.
  4. Determine a hospitalized medical patient’s risk of developing VTE.
  5. Identify factors that place a hospitalized medical patient at risk of bleeding while receiving anticoagulants.
  6. Formulate an evidence-based prevention strategy for hospitalized medical patients at risk of VTE.
  7. Compare and contrast the mechanisms of action, indication, efficacy and safety of anticoagulants.

Author Information

  • Nathalie K. Zgheib, MD: American University of Beirut - Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Jumana Antoun, MD: American University of Beirut - Family Medicine
  • Ali Taher, MD: American University of Beirut - Internal Medicine - Division of Hematology and Oncology

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.


References

  1. Zgheib N.K, Simaan J.A, and Sabra R. Using Team Based Learning to Teach Clinical Pharmacology in Medical School: Student Satisfaction and Improved Performance. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Jul; 51(7):1101-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270010375428
  2. Bou Akl I, Ghaddar F, Sabra R, Simaan J, Parmelee D, Zgheib, N Teaching Clinical Pharmacology Using Team Based Learning: A Comparison Between Third and Fourth Year Medical Students. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270011428986


Citation

Zgheib N, Antoun J, Taher A. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in hospitalized medical patients for third year medical students. MedEdPORTAL. 2012;8:9219. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9219