Original Publication
Open Access

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for Third Year Medical Students

Published: August 22, 2012 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9220

Included in this publication:

  • COPD Group Application Exercise.doc
  • COPD Instructor guide.doc
  • COPD RAT Document.doc
  • COPD Student Pressession.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


This team-based learning (TBL) module covers how to effectively work together to manage patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and discuss the choice of the appropriate pharmacologic therapy. The students will also be asked to write a prescription for their choice. This TBL case is one of six bimonthly TBL modules used in the clinical pharmacology course that is offered to third-year medical students at the American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine. This case has so far been used more than 10 times. We did not evaluate outcomes of each individual module, so the positive outcomes we observed are for the course as a whole. Nevertheless, we have been observing a very high level of student-student interaction during all modules in general and it is our impression that students are satisfied with the modules. Other published TBL modules in this series address the treatment of diabetes mellitus type II, treatment of dyslipidemia, treatment of venous thromboembolism, pain management, and treatment of community acquired pneumonia.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this session, learners will be able to:

  1. Work effectively in small groups to solve a clinical therapeutic case scenario.
  2. Define and classify the different severities and stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  3. Develop an appropriate pharmacologic treatment regimen for patients with stable COPD based on disease severity and patients with exacerbations of COPD.
  4. Develop a monitoring plan for the efficacy and toxicity of the chosen pharmacologic therapy.
  5. Modify the treatment regimen for patients who experience adverse events or do not have adequate symptom relief on initial regimen.
  6. Write a prescription.

Author Information

  • Nathalie K. Zgheib, MD: American University of Beirut - Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Imad Bou Akl, MD: American University of Beirut - Internal Medicine

None to report.

None to report.


  1. Zgheib N.K, Simaan J.A, and Sabra R. Using Team Based Learning to Teach Clinical Pharmacology in Medical School: Student Satisfaction and Improved Performance. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Jul; 51(7):1101-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270010375428
  2. Bou Akl I, Ghaddar F, Sabra R, Simaan J, Parmelee D, Zgheib, N Teaching Clinical Pharmacology Using Team Based Learning: A Comparison Between Third and Fourth Year Medical Students. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270011428986


Zgheib N, Bou Akl I. Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for third year medical students. MedEdPORTAL. 2012;8:9220. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9220