Original Publication
Open Access

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for Third Year Medical Students

Published: August 22, 2012 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9220

Included in this publication:

  • COPD Group Application Exercise.doc
  • COPD Instructor guide.doc
  • COPD RAT Document.doc
  • COPD Student Pressession.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


This Team-based Learning (TBL) module is one of 7 biweekly TBL modules used in the clinical pharmacology course that is offered to third year medical students. The main objective of the course is to apply rational prescribing within several clinical case scenarios. Upon completion of this module, students will be able to effectively work together to manage patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and discuss the choice of the appropriate pharmacologic therapy. The students will also be asked to write a prescription for their choice.

This is one of 7 biweekly TBL modules used in the clinical pharmacology course that is offered to third year medical students at the American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine. Two articles describing the course and its outcome have been recently published. We have shown that medical students were highly satisfied with the course and the teaching approach, and that their performance on prescription writing and formulary development had improved.

This case has so far been used for more than 10 times. There is typically a very high level of interaction during the session, and it is our impression that students are satisfied with it.

Educational Objectives

  1. Work effectively in small groups to solve a clinical therapeutic case scenario.
  2. Define and classify the different severities and stages of COPD.
  3. Develop an appropriate pharmacologic treatment regimen for patients with stable COPD based on disease severity and patients with exacerbations of COPD.
  4. Develop a monitoring plan for the efficacy and toxicity of the chosen pharmacologic therapy.
  5. Modify the treatment regimen for patients who experience adverse events or do not have adequate symptom relief on initial regimen.
  6. Write a prescription.

Author Information

  • Nathalie K. Zgheib, MD: American University of Beirut - Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Imad Bou Akl, MD: American University of Beirut - Internal Medicine

None to report.

None to report.


  1. Zgheib N.K, Simaan J.A, and Sabra R. Using Team Based Learning to Teach Clinical Pharmacology in Medical School: Student Satisfaction and Improved Performance. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Jul; 51(7):1101-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270010375428
  2. Bou Akl I, Ghaddar F, Sabra R, Simaan J, Parmelee D, Zgheib, N Teaching Clinical Pharmacology Using Team Based Learning: A Comparison Between Third and Fourth Year Medical Students. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2011 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091270011428986


Zgheib N, Bou Akl I. Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for third year medical students. MedEdPORTAL. 2012;8:9220. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9220