Original Publication
Open Access

Emergency Management of Dental Traumas: Avulsions

Published: January 14, 2013 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9307

Included in this publication:

  • Avulsion Video II.mp4
  • Avulsion video Patient.3gp
  • BOHC Toolkit.pdf
  • Emergency Management of Dental Traumas.pptx
  • Instructors Guide.docx
  • Problem Based Case Avulsion.docx

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

Introduction: One of the most common oral injuries that occur in the child or adolescent involves the avulsed tooth. There has been an increase in the numbers of these injuries worldwide due to sports activities and some of the newer recreational activities (i.e., skate-boarding, trampoline jumping, etc.). Worldwide there are 5.8 million cases of trauma per year where male patients are two-thirds of the victims. Although this is a common problem for all types of dental practices, many injuries occur after hours or on weekends when most dental practices are closed. Therefore many cases present to the emergency room, where there are no dental staff present. It is incumbent on the medical staff to have an understanding on how to diagnose dental injuries, manage them, and make the appropriate referral to a dental practitioner. This resource focuses on how to deal with avulsions. An avulsion of a tooth occurs when the tooth gets knocked out the socket. Typically this occurs to the central incisors, and the maxillary teeth are affected more than the mandibular teeth. Methods: This resource incudes a PowerPoint, problem-based learning case, and video to teach the student/practitioner how to provide first-line management for stabilizing oral injuries, specifically the avulsed tooth, to the point of referral. Results: The PowerPoint presentation was presented to a small sample of physicians. Feedback from this session indicated there was a lack of definitions for dental terminology/concepts that are not acquired in medical school training. Discussion: This resource has been enhanced based on prior feedback and includes clinical photos and radiographs to help clarify terminology. This module is comprehensive but succinct. It is a novel interdisciplinary presentation of the topic based upon the most current treatment guidelines in publication and incorporates several modalities to optimize learning.


Educational Objectives

By the end of this session, learners will be able to:

  1. Understand what the prevalence and incidence and predisposing factors of avulsion injuries are in the child and adolescent.
  2. Experience a case scenario that helps them work through the problem of diagnosing a clinical situation and how to manage the situation.
  3. Learn a step-by-step guide to re-implanting and splinting an avulsed tooth.
  4. Provide postoperative instructions and the appropriate referral/timeline for referral.

Author Information

  • Isabelle Chase, DDS: Children's Hospital Boston; Children's Hospital Boston
  • Isabelle Chase, DDS
  • Nadeem Karimbux, DMD: Harvard School of Dental Medicine
  • Inyang Isong, MD: Harvard School of Medicine
  • Zachary Freer: Harvard School of Dental Medicine

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.



Citation

Chase I, Karimbux N, Isong I, Freer Z. Emergency management of dental traumas: avulsions. MedEdPORTAL. 2013;9:9307. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9307

This publication is co-sponsored by the American Dental Education Association.