Original Publication
Open Access

Assessing First-Responder and BLS Skills: The Case of Mona Shadid

Published: June 20, 2013 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9451

Included in this publication:

  • Case Flowsheet Mona.doc
  • Doorway Information Mona.doc
  • Grading Checklist Mona.doc
  • Instructor's Guide Mona.docx
  • Positioning Schematic Mona.docx
  • SP Script Friend of Mona.docx

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


Introduction: This objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) involves a 5-minute patient encounter that aims to assess a trainees’ basic resuscitation skills in responding to a patient with an un-witnessed collapse in an outpatient clinic setting. The target audience includes preclinical medical students, nursing students, junior resident physicians, and other trainees who have gone through first-responder and basic life support training. Methods: The case involved a patient presenting to an outpatient clinic complaining of vague chest pain who collapsed while waiting to see the physician. The encounter began with the student entering the office and a “friend” (a standardized patient) informing him/her of the situation. The patient, “Mona,” was a mannequin on the ground. The student was expected to perform several critical actions, including assessing Mona’s responsiveness, checking for a pulse, initiating and continuing chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth ventilation, calling for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and an automated external defibrillator (AED), and communicating with EMS personnel. Timed cues are incorporated to provide a more structured flow to the case. Results: The OSCE at our institution was run at the Clinical Skills Center in the spring of 2012 (n = 43) and 2013 (n = 38), with all first-year students participating. It was successful in assessing student performance of the critical actions, and highlighting areas that required emphasis and review. We found that students had the most difficulty remembering to check for a pulse prior to starting chest compressions (only 51.2% did this), open the airway using a jaw thrust (2.2%) rather than a head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver (74.4%), calling for an AED (37.2%), and the ratio of chest compressions to ventilations. Only 34.9% performed the correct number of chest compressions, while only 27.9% gave at least two breaths per cycle. Discussion: The OSCE was meant to be formative for the students and to provide feedback on the course’s efficacy for the course directors. The OSCE grade did not contribute to the students’ overall medical school grades, although our OSCE checklist can easily be used as a grading tool as well.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this session, learners will be able to:

  1. Assess responsiveness, pulse, and airway patency in a pulseless patient with an unwitnessed collapse.
  2. Reposition the airway using a jaw-thrust maneuver in a victim of trauma/unwitnessed collapse.
  3. Recognize when to call for an automated external defibrillator.
  4. Perform CPR, demonstrating correct technique of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth ventilations.
  5. Call Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in an emergency situation and provide adequate verbal hand-off to EMS.
  6. Manage a scene and use available resources during emergency situations.

Author Information

  • Hina Ghory, MD: Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
  • Joyce Kuo, MD: Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
  • Lan Sawan: Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
  • Stephen Scott, MD, MPH: Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar

None to report.

None to report.


Ghory H, Kuo J, Sawan L, Scott S. Assessing first-responder and BLS skills: the case of Mona Shadid. MedEdPORTAL. 2013;9:9451. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9451