Original Publication
Open Access

An Educational Module For Pediatric Residents on Community, Home and School Violence

Published: October 3, 2013 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9558

Included in this publication:

  • An Educational Module for Pediatric Residents on Community Home and School Violence.docx
  • Community Violence Cases MedEdPORTAL.pptx
  • Community Violence MedEdPORTAL Survey Monkey.pdf
  • Instructor's Guide for An Educational Module For Pediatric Residents on Community Home and School Violence.docx

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

Introduction: Many pediatric residents in urban settings work with patients who are chronically exposed to community violence. In fact, the major cause of death for male adolescents in most urban centers is homicide. This interactive, 90-minute, case-based module was designed so that pediatric residents would become more knowledgeable about the prevalence of community violence and the risk and protective factors for injury from community violence. In addition, the module aims to teach residents about effective strategies that can be used to reduce their patient’s risk of future injury. Methods: The module is designed for three participants: one general pediatrician (instructor) and two pediatric interns. This exercise should take place in a private and quiet office or conference room with enough seating for at least the three individuals. The room should have a computer with internet access available for the instructor to identify online resources for families. This module takes place as a required component of the intern advocacy block. It requires a total of 120-200 minutes to complete (90 minutes for the small-group case-based discussion and 30-110 minutes to prepare for the discussion by reading articles or watching a documentary). Results: This curriculum improved resident knowledge and comfort in regard to a number of community violence–related issues. While the module was well received by our pediatric residents, it did not significantly change their self-reported behaviors. Discussion: It is clear that a single, 90-minute module on such a challenging topic is not sufficient to meaningfully change the behaviors of pediatrics residents. Residents will likely need more hands-on experiences (such as directly observed clinical encounters, observed simulated clinical encounters, or role-plays) to more effectively change behavior.


Educational Objectives

By the end of this module, learners will be able to:

  1. Recognize that homicide is a major cause of death for urban adolescent males.
  2. List risk and protective factors for injury from community violence.
  3. List at least 10 actions pediatricians can take to reduce a child’s risk of future injury from community violence.
  4. Discuss the impact that community violence may have on parenting styles.

Author Information

  • Mario Cruz, MD: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
  • Sean Connolly: Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Daniel Taylor: Drexel University College of Medicine
  • Bruce Bernstein: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
  • Nancy Spector: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
  • Lee Pachter: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
  • Barry Solomon: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.

Prior Presentations
Cruz M, Taylor DR. Impact of a Community Violence Module on the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Pediatric Interns. Poster presented at: Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting; April 30, 2012; Boston, Massachusetts.

Cruz M, Taylor DR. Impact of a Community Violence Module on the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Pediatric Interns. Platform presentation at: Eastern Society for Pediatric Research; March 31, 2012; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.



Citation

Cruz M, Connolly S, Taylor D, et al. An educational module for pediatric residents on community, home and school violence. MedEdPORTAL. 2013;9:9558. http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9558