Original Publication
Open Access

Critical Synthesis Package: Scale of Emotional Arousability (SEA)

Published: October 2, 2013 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9564

Included in this publication:

  • Critical Analysis of the Scale of Emotional Arousability.pdf
  • Scale of Emotional Arousabilty.doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications. It is also part of a discontinued collection that focused on the presentation of health sciences education assessment tools and their reported validity data.


This Critical Synthesis Package contains: (1) a Critical Analysis of psychometric properties and application to health sciences research of the Scale of Emotional Arousability (SEA), and (2) a copy of the SEA developed by Valerie Braithwaite, PhD.

The SEA is a self-administered scale of emotionality. Because it was based on other solidly constructed measures, the SEA has some precedent in the personality literature as a valid, short, self-administered measure of neuroticism, or emotional over-responsiveness. The 15-items of the SEA support four subscales; General Emotionality (6 items), Anger (3 items), Timidity (3 items), and Lack of control (3 items). Nine of the 15 items are reverse coded. Respondents answer items on a 5-point Likert scale with response options ranging from (1) “very unlike me” to (5) “very like me,” and the neutral response is (3) “I am not sure.” Scores can range from 15-75, where higher scores indicate a higher level of emotional arousal. Although the primary target population for the SEA was not specifically identified, development and validation studies focus on adults (age > 18) in the general population. While the SEA has been used for research on patients in public health research, it has only scratched the surface of health sciences educational research. Support for the SEA is strong but will need to be more detailed before its application to health sciences education research is evidentiary.

Educational Objectives

  1. To describe the purpose and basic properties of the Scale of Emotional Arousability (SEA), including number of items and scales, and psychometric properties;
  2. To describe the application of the SEA to the field of health sciences education;
  3. To evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of the SEA; and
  4. To provide the SEA and supplemental materials to aid in its administration.

Author Information

  • Rebecca D. Blanchard, PhD: Baystate Medical Center

None to report.

None to report.


Blanchard R. Critical synthesis package: scale of emotional arousability (SEA). MedEdPORTAL. 2013;9:9564. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9564