Original Publication
Open Access

Periodontal Disease and Systemic Health

Published: October 23, 2013 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9584

Included in this publication:

  • BOHC Toolkit.pdf
  • Instructors Guide.docx.docx
  • Periodontal Disease and Systemic Health

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.


Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.

Abstract

This submission is part of AAMC/ADEA project, Building Oral Health Capacity in Medical Curriculum. This resource is designed to provide the learner about oral specifically periodontal health and how it relates to systemic health. Through clinical pictures and radiographs, this resource will enable the learners to recognize signs of inflammation and periodontal disease and be able to compare and contrast between health state and disease state. It will also familiarize the learners of the adverse effect of commonly prescribed medications. Risk Assessment form will help learners to identify patients at risk of periodontal disease. This resource will also will present some of the studies that found potential correlation between periodontal disease and systemic health. Prevention of periodontal disease is presented through three videos, showing a dentist performing a periodontal exam and oral hygiene instructions. Resources provided in this publication facilitate referral process to dental professionals. Interactive Quizzes are included to help the learners to test the knowledge obtained through this presentation.

Periodontal disease is a common preventable inflammatory disease triggered by microorganisms. Oral health exam is an integral part of systemic health yet it is often overlooked by physicians. Periodontal disease can affect and be affected by systemic diseases. Emerging evidence has found correlation between periodontal disease, being a source of infection and inflammation, and systemic diseases such as diabetes, preterm labor, smoking and cardiovascular diseases. Although some of these studies have shown strong correlations , other studies did not find any association at all.

This presentation will present studies representing both kinds of studies.
This resource hopefully will be an initiative for including oral health in medical education curriculum as an inseparable part of the human body.
This resource will raise awareness amongst health care professionals to hopefully include a simple oral exam in their physical exam. This will help identify potential dental and health problems.
Resources in this submission will help them assess the risk and provide referral information for their patients.
Videos included will familiarize the learner with periodontal exams and proper Oral hygiene practices, considered a preventive public health measure.
This submission will enhance collaboration between health care providers and so treat the patient as a whole, enhancing overall individual and public health.

Educational Objectives

  1. To familiarize the learners with periodontal health: Basic normal anatomy of the periodontium and clinical and radiographic presentation of a healthy periodontium.
  2. To familiarize the learners with periodontal disease. Learners should be able to recognize manifestations of periodontal disease; clinical and radiographic signs and symptoms of periodontal disease. Learners should be able to compare and contrast the periodontium in states of health and disease.
  3. To familiarize the learners with the common forms of periodontal diseases.
  4. To raise the awareness that oral health is an integral part of the human body system. Oral health can affect and be affected by systemic diseases.
  5. To explain the pathophysiology of periodontal disease.
  6. To familiarize the learners with clinical oral manifestations of adverse effects of commonly prescribed medications.
  7. To enable the learners to identify patients at risk of periodontal disease.
  8. Based on the risk assessment, learners should be able to have the necessary knowledge to educate their patients about referral resources available to help control their periodontal disease. Also preventive measures of periodontal disease.
  9. To enable to learner to self-assess their learning through interactive quizzes available.

Author Information

  • Nadia Kawar: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Seema Ashrafi: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Mary Sturgeon: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Saba Khan: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Dustin Goetz: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Meredith Gantos: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Kupa Patel: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Akshi Gandhi: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Hussain Ali: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Phillip Marucha: University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • Whitney Weiner: University of Illinois College of Medicine

Disclosures
None to report.

Funding/Support
None to report.



Citation

Kawar N, Ashrafi S, Sturgeon M, et al. Periodontal disease and systemic health. MedEdPORTAL. 2013;9:9584. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9584

This publication is co-sponsored by the American Dental Education Association.