Original Publication
Open Access

Residents as Educators: Giving Feedback

Published: January 2, 2014 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9658

Included in this publication:

  • Guide to Using the Giving Feedback Presentations.pdf
  • Giving Feedback Overcoming Barriers Instructor Guide.pdf
  • Giving Feedback An Introduction.ppt
  • Intro Video 1.mp4
  • Intro Video 2.mp4
  • Giving Feedback An Introduction Instructor Guide.pdf
  • Giving Feedback Overcoming Barriers.ppt
  • Barriers Video 1.mov
  • Barriers Video 2.mp4
  • Barriers Video 3.mp4
  • Barriers Video 4.mp4

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


This resource is designed to help develop residents and fellows as teachers of medical students. The content addresses an aspect of teaching that many house staff find challenging, that of providing effective formative feedback to medical students on clinical rotations. The materials provided can help improve house staff feedback and meet Liaison Committee on Medical Education and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education expectations regarding interpersonal and communication skills education. There are two interactive presentations with associated video vignettes for instructor use in large or small-groups, as well as instructor guides. Giving feedback can be a challenging aspect of education. This may be particularly difficult for residents and fellows who are not taught how to give quality feedback to medical students. This can lead to a gap in the education of students, as residents and fellows often have the most interaction with students. Both the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education recognize the critical role that residents and fellows play in educating medical students and require institutions to provide instruction to house staff on effective teaching. Graduate medical education programs must assume the responsibility for providing residents and fellows with the tools needed to improve their feedback skills, but this is often not the case due to the limited time of faculty members to prepare an engaging and effective presentation on this important educational topic. We developed these two interactive presentations to allow educators to have an already prepared resource that allows them to educate their residents and fellows to give feedback. These presentations touch on the key points of giving feedback and include video vignettes to be included in the presentations. We created these presentations to help our over 80 graduate medical education programs improve their resident/fellow feedback to medical students. Given the range of programs on our campus, the presentations were designed to be appropriate for use by any specialty or subspecialty. We have distributed the presentations to all programs on campus and have made revisions based on feedback.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this resource, participants will be able to:

  1. Reflect on the importance and difficulties of giving verbal formative feedback.
  2. Identify the qualities of effective verbal feedback.
  3. Generate ideas for giving effective verbal feedback.
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of verbal feedback scenarios.
  5. Review characteristics of effective verbal formative feedback.
  6. Reflect on the barriers to providing effective verbal feedback.
  7. Identify solutions for overcoming situational barriers to giving verbal feedback.
  8. Identify strategies for providing effective verbal feedback to difficult learners.
  9. Evaluate the effectiveness of verbal feedback scenarios.

Author Information

  • Matthew Tews, DO: Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Kathleen Quinn-Leering: Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Chris Fox: Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Jill Simonson: Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Elizabeth Ellinas: Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Paul Lemen: Medical College of Wisconsin

None to report.

None to report.


Tews M, Quinn-Leering K, Fox C, Simonson J, Ellinas E, Lemen P. Residents as educators: giving feedback. MedEdPORTAL. 2014;10:9658. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9658