This simulation scenario focuses on diagnosing and managing acute hemolytic transfusion reaction in the emergency department. It includes a novel one-page evaluation tool entitled the Simulation Training Assessment Tool (STAT) to facilitate assessment and debriefing by the instructor. Training using this simulation scenario was conducted on March 27, 2013 for approximately 20 emergency medicine residents and four medical students. It resulted in increased awareness of acute hemolytic transfusions reactions and how to manage the life-threatening complications that may result.
- Recognize acute hemolytic transfusion reaction (AHTR) in an emergency department patient receiving blood transfusion.
- Confirm diagnosis through laboratory testing.
- Provide correct life-saving therapies to a patient with AHTR.
- Respond appropriately to systemic error of wrong blood transfusion.
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