Original Publication
Open Access

I-PASS Handoff Curriculum: Medical Student Workshop

Published: August 5, 2014 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9854

Included in this publication:

  • IPASS Student Handoff Instructor's Guide.docx
  • Curriculum Goals and Objectives for Medical Students.docx
  • I-PASS Medical Student Workshop Slides.pptx
  • Medical Student Workshop Patient Summary Exercise.docx
  • Medical Student Workshop Participant Evaluation.doc
  • Advocacy and Assertion, slide 32.wmv
  • Bad IPASS, slide 46.wmv
  • Brief, slide 19.wmv
  • Contingency Planning, slide 82.wmv
  • Cross Monitoring, slide 29.wmv
  • Debrief, slide 22.wmv
  • Huddle, slide 25.wmv
  • Patient Summary, slide 69.wmv
  • Instructions for Assembling Packets for Groups ofTwo.pdf
  • MedStudent Participant Sim Packet for Groups of Two.pdf
  • MedStudent Facilitator Sim Packet for Groups of Two.pdf
  • Instructions for Assembling Packets for Groups of Three.pdf
  • MedStudent Participant Sim Packet for Groups of Three.pdf
  • MedStudent Facilitator Sim Packet for Groups of Three.pdf

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


The Medical Student Workshop is a companion piece to the Core Resident Workshop, as well as the other elements in the I-PASS Handoff Curriculum. Its curricular materials have been modified to meet the needs of a group of more novice learners during their introduction to clinical care. The workshop includes a 60-minute didactic and interactive session that is devoted to team training in structured communication techniques and to the teaching of a standardized approach to the handoff process, including the integration of verbal and written handoff components. Key structured team communication techniques and the I-PASS mnemonic are taught in detail and reinforced with the use of trigger videos and large group discussion. The final 30-minutes of the workshop are devoted to two handoff simulations exercises. The handoff simulation exercises feature interactive role plays in which participants (in groups of two or three) gain hands-on experience and practice the I-PASS handoff technique under the supervision of a faculty member or senior resident. Similar in content to the I-PASS Handoff Core Resident Workshop, this workshop has been tailored to fit the needs of medical students as novice clinicians with limited clinical experience and emerging medical knowledge. This curriculum was implemented for third- and fourth-year medical students during their inpatient pediatric rotations from June – December 2013 at six medical schools and pediatric hospitals across North America including: (1) University of Cincinnati College of Medicine/Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; (2) UCSF School of Medicine/Benioff Children’s Hospital; (3) University of Utah School of Medicine/Primary Children’s Medical Center; (4) Drexel University College of Medicine/St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children; (5) University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine/Hospital for Sick Children; and (6) Stanford University School of Medicine/Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital.

Educational Objectives

By the end of the module, learners will be able to:

  1. Describe the importance of effective communication in reducing medical errors.
  2. Detail the essential content and sequence of effective handoffs.
  3. Apply effective team training strategies to improve handoffs.
  4. Practice handoff skills.

Author Information

  • Jennifer O'Toole: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Sharon Calaman: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
  • Jennifer Everhart: Lucile Packard Children's Hospital
  • Zia Bismilla: Hospital for Sick Children
  • Brian Good: Primary Children's Hospital/University of Utah School of Medicine
  • Amy Guiot: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center/University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
  • Noelle Johnstone: Lucille Packard Children's Hospital/Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Vahideh Nilforoshan: St. Christopher's Hospital/Drexel University College of Medicine
  • Elizabeth Noble: Boston Children's Hospital
  • Glenn Rosenbluth: University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, Benioff Children's Hospital
  • Sarah Schwartz: Hospital for Sick Children/University of Toronto
  • Lauren Solan: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center/University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
  • Lisa Tse: Boston Children's Hospital
  • Daniel West: University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, Benioff Children's Hospital
  • Jason Weiser: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center/University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
  • Christopher Landrigan: Boston Children's Hospital
  • Theodore Sectish: Children's Hospital Boston
  • Rajendu Srivastava: Primary Children's Medical Center
  • Amy Starmer: Children's Hospital Boston
  • Nancy Spector: St. Christopher's Hospital for Children

None to report.

None to report.


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  5. Starmer, A.J., Spector, N.D., Srivastava, R., Allen, A.D., Landrigan, C.P., Sectish, T.C. et al. "I-PASS, a Mnemonic to Standardize Verbal Handoffs." Pediatrics. 129.2 (2012): 201-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-2966
  6. Starmer AJ, Sectish TC, Simon DW, Keohane C, McSweeney ME, Chung EY, Yoon CS, Lipsitz SR, Wassner AJ, Harper MB, Landrigan CP. Rates of medical errors and preventable adverse events among hospitalized children following implementation of a resident handoff bundle. JAMA. 2013 Dec 4;310(21):2262-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.281961
  7. O’Toole JK, Stevenson AT, Good BP, Guiot AB, Solan LG, Tse LL, Landrigan CP, Sectish TC, Srivastava R, Starmer AJ, Spector ND. Closing the Gap: Medical Students and Handoff Training. Journal of Pediatrics. 2013 May ; 162(5) : 887-888. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.045


O'Toole J, Calaman S, Everhart J, et al. I-PASS Handoff Curriculum: medical student workshop. MedEdPORTAL. 2014;10:9854. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9854