Original Publication
Open Access

Critical Synthesis Package: CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ)

Published: September 2, 2014 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9882

Included in this publication:

  • Critical Analysis of CAM Health Belief Questionnaire.pdf
  • CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ).doc

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications. It is also part of a discontinued collection that focused on the presentation of health sciences education assessment tools and their reported validity data.


This Critical Synthesis Package contains: (1) a Critical Analysis of the psychometric properties and the application to health science education of the Contemporary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ), and (2) a copy of the CHBQ instrument developed by Desiree Lie, MD, MSEd.

The CHBQ is a short, self-administered instrument containing 10 items. Response options are presented along a 7-point Likert-type rating scale. Responses yield a total score with a possible maximum of 70 and minimum of 10. Higher scores indicate more favorable attitudes toward CAM. The construct validity of the CHBQ has been verified by its repeated use in studies of medical students (physician and pharmacist) and professionals (primary care physicians, pediatricians, nurse-midwives, and obstetricians). The CHBQ has also been used in multiple cross-cultural studies; specifically, it has been validated for use with Israeli obstetricians and nurse-midwives. The CHBQ has been used in multiple studies of medical students with the aim of better understanding their attitudes toward CAM so as to increase student exposure to CAM in medical school. Changes associated with this increased exposure could be measured using the CHBQ. However, as no identified research has examined the test-retest reliability of the CHBQ, further research should evaluate the temporal stability of the CHBQ so that it can be used to assess change in CAM attitudes after educational intervention. Additional research should also consider the use of the CHBQ with patient populations as a screener for attitudes toward CAM. Understanding a patient’s attitudes toward CAM could facilitate a provider’s communication with the patient and treatment approach.

Educational Objectives

  1. To describe the purpose and basic properties of the Contemporary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ), including number of items and scales, and psychometric properties;
  2. To describe the application of the CHBQ to the field of health sciences education;
  3. To evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of the CHBQ; and
  4. To provide the CHBQ and supplemental materials to aid in its application.

Author Information

  • Christina Nicolais, MS: Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
  • Marilyn Stern, PhD: University of South Florida

None to report.

None to report.


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Nicolais C, Stern M. Critical synthesis package: CAM health belief questionnaire (CHBQ). MedEdPORTAL. 2014;10:9882. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9882