Original Publication
Open Access

Immunization Basics and Case-Based Discussion

Published: December 19, 2014 | 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9983

Included in this publication:

  • Immunization Small Group Cases- Facilitator Guide.doc
  • Immunization Small Group - Student Cases.doc
  • Immunization without video.pptx
  • Role Play for Immunization Case 2.docx
  • Jeff Gordon PSA.mp4

To view all publication components, extract (i.e., unzip) them from the downloaded .zip file.

Editor's Note: This publication predates our implementation of the Educational Summary Report in 2016 and thus displays a different format than newer publications.


Introduction: Vaccines are instrumental in preventing childhood death and disease. Despite their effectiveness pediatricians will often have to counsel parents and families on the importance of getting children vaccinated. Methods: This 2.5 hour session begins with a PowerPoint presentation on the general concepts in immunization and a broad introduction of the spectrum of diseases potentially prevented by routinely recommended vaccines in the United States. The learners are then divided into and small groups for a facilitated discussion and an opportunity to apply the material presented in clinical scenarios. These materials are intended for use in clinical medicine or doctoring skills courses and are not intended to replace teaching about the infectious diseases in basic science coursework. Results: This lecture and small-group discussion has been used with first-year medical students since 2007 as a part of the Physicianship Skills courses at our institution. The sessions have been well received according to student evaluations, and faculty facilitators (even non-pediatricians) have found the facilitator guide to be a helpful resource. Each year, there are approximately four exam questions from this session relating to mortality from vaccine preventable diseases and recommended vaccines for people of different ages. The mean percent of students selecting the correct answer for each of these knowledge questions ranges from 86% to 100%. Discussion: At our institution, the PowerPoint presentation is given prior to the small-group discussion, but either item could be used separately as well. Finding a facilitator for each group is recommended as we found that students did not have a rich enough discussion when left to work through the cases independently.

Educational Objectives

By the end of this session, learners will be able to:

  1. Discuss the rationale for immunizations.
  2. Understand the impact of immunizations on the health of children in the US and worldwide.
  3. Understand common vaccine-preventable diseases and their vaccines.
  4. Describe common barriers to childhood immunizations.
  5. Practice using the childhood, catch-up, and adult immunization schedules to determine indicated vaccines for an individual patient.
  6. Introduce how to counsel families about vaccination and use resources, such as the Vaccine Information Statements.
  7. Describe resources for children with financial barriers to vaccination, such as the Vaccines for Children Program.
  8. Discuss communication techniques for families concerned about vaccinating their children.
  9. Describe the impact of vaccination on the health of the community.

Author Information

  • Julia Belkowitz, MD: University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine
  • Garnet Peter: University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine

None to report.

None to report.


Belkowitz J, Peter G. Immunization basics and case-based discussion. MedEdPORTAL. 2014;10:9983. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9983